46 águilas en colores vivos reveladas en el techo del templo del Antiguo Egipto

Una misión arqueológica conjunta germano-egipcia en el Templo de Esna en la orilla occidental del Nilo, 35 millas al sur de Luxor en Egipto, ha revelado algunos colores y patrones originales en la parte del complejo del templo durante el trabajo de restauración.

El polvo de arena, la suciedad, la eflorescencia de sal y el guano y los huesos de aves y murciélagos se habían acumulado en las paredes, techos y columnas a lo largo de los siglos, oscureciendo las inscripciones hasta el punto de que eran casi invisibles para el ojo humano.

La construcción del Templo de Esna data de la época ptolemaica, sin embargo, la mayoría de las partes que sobreviven hoy en día son de la época romana.

El Templo de Esna está dedicado al dios del Antiguo Egipto, Khnum, y sus consortes Menhit y Nebtu, su hijo, Heka, y la diosa Neith.

46 eagle in vivid color revealed on Ancient Egyptian temple ceiling Photo: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities The restoration project found the original colours and patterns under the middle ceiling above the entrance to the temple. A careful process of cleaning revealed a painting that depicts 46 eagles in a row, 20 of which have an eagle head (representing Upper Egypt), whilst the remainder the head of a cobra (representing Lower Egypt).

The murals on the middle ceiling over the entry hall are particularly noteworthy. The ceiling is more than 45 feet high and decorated with 46 eagles in two rows. The goddess Nekhbet and Upper Egypt are represented by twenty-four of them, which have eagle heads. Wajit, the goddess of Lower Egypt, is represented with twenty-two cobra heads. Between 1963 and 1975, French Egyptologist Serge Soniron studied and photographed the temple inscriptions, but the ceiling with the 46 eagles was never recorded or published.

Photo: Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities Dr. Hisham El-Lithy, head of the Central Administration for Egyptian Archaeology Registration and Head of the Egyptian Archaeological Mission said: “The colourful inscriptions have suffered over the past centuries from the accumulation of thick layers and impurities.”

Los investigadores también descubrieron inscripciones griegas escritas en tinta roja mientras limpiaban el muro occidental del templo. Fue descubierto en el friso del muro occidental del eje del templo, totalmente enterrado en capas de hollín negro. La inscripción especifica la fecha y el mes, Epiphi 5, que corresponde a finales de junio o principios de julio durante el reinado del emperador Domiciano (81-96 dC). Los arqueólogos creen que esta es la fecha en que se terminó el Templo de Esna.

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